Compared with modern astronomical tables, some are so accurate that, Newton claims, he simply couldn’t have made them with the instruments he describes. The oldest surviving Ptolemaic world map, redrawn according to his 1st projection by monks at Constantinople under Maximus Planudes around 1300. Vote Now! Below are examples of analyzed map images as viewed at different frequencies, and above is the map itself, with touch points identifying text uncovered by Van Duzer and his colleagues. When he landed in the Bahamas, he thought he was close to Japan, an error consistent with Japan’s location on the map, which depicts Asia, Africa and Europe but not, alas, the Americas. Ptolemy’s map. “Certainly,” Gingerich says, “Ptolemy did not commit fraud. And his great contribution of the geocentric theory,” he adds, “was the true testament to Ptolemy’s greatness as an astronomer.” More recent studies of his work suggest that a “combination of observational, calculation and rounding errors, plagiarism of existing data and selection of the best examples… could account for the appearance of fraud. Ptolemy's second main work is his Geography (also called the Geographia), a compilation of geographical coordinates of the part of the world known to the Roman Empire during his time.

The greatest contribution of Ptolemy was not the maps themselves but the concepts behind the maps. “Overall, The Syntaxis has done more damage to astronomy than any other work ever written, and astronomy would be better off if it had never existed … Ptolemy is not the greatest astronomer of history, but he is something still more unusual: he is the most successful fraud in the history of science.”, That assessment hardly endeared Newton to other historians of ancient science. Continue A.D. 90-168.
Photographs From the Last Quiet Places on Earth. One refutal by Owen Gingrich ruefully admits that The Syntaxis contains some fishy data, but he suggest that Ptolemy merely followed the practice of his time by selecting only those observations that supported his theory.

Ptolemy considered the cartographic projections existing at that time and proposed two new ones – conical and pseudoconical (modified stereographic). His map was of great importance during the Roman Empire’s eastward expansion. A number of his works contain material relevant to map making. The (Still) Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe, Hypersensitive Profanity Filter Censors 'Bone' at Paleontology Conference, A Brief History of the Salem Witch Trials, Nero, History's Most Despised Emperor, Gets a Makeover. In fact, many of Ptolemy’s calculations were later proved to be incorrect. 2,000-Year-Old Nazca Line Featuring Lounging Cat Found in Peru, Log Cabin Excavation Unearths Evidence of Forgotten Black Community, Venice's Controversial Inflatable Floodgates Save City for the Second Time, New Evidence That Grandmothers Were Crucial for Human Evolution, When Catherine of Aragon Led England's Armies to Victory Over Scotland, Hundreds of Native American Treaties Digitized for the First Time, A T. Rex Sold for $31.8 Million, and Paleontologists Are Worried.

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