A Bible Society version of the Old Testament was published in England (1840); a New Testament at Athens (1848). A later work (sixteenth century) is called the Bible of Quiroga, a convert from Judaism, who rose to be cardinal inquisitor. Aquila, taking the Hebrew as he found it, proves in his rendering to be “a slave to the letter”. : Bohairic, Sahidic, Akhmimic, and Fayumic (Middle Egyptian). The four Gospels were done into classic Hebrew by a converted Jew, Giona, at Rome (1668). (Venice, 1542), and Domenico Gigli (Venice, 1551). Discover the best Audio Bible to read and study the Holy Word. He was supposed on his own statement to have translated independently, but it is clear that he used almost wholly the New Testament with the interlinear version of Pagninus. ), from whom it received the title of the Catholic Bible; (3) by Th. (c) In 1842 a portion of what is believed to be an independent Syriac version was found in Egypt.

German Versions.—The history of Biblical research in Germany shows that of the numerous partial versions in the vernacular some go back to the seventh and eighth centuries.
An Old-Testament version from original sources by Dr. Bedell was published at London (1686). Others held it to be inferior to the Septuagint, and those who recognized its merits feared it would cause dissensions. A complete Bible, based on earlier versions of the Testaments, was published for the London Bible Society (London, 1807), and a revision of it was ordered by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church at Edinburgh (1826). Welsh, or Cymric, Versions.—Partial versions were made before the fifteenth century, but a translation by Celydd Sfan was known to be in existence about 1470. Then the universities and religious orders began to publish their “Correctoria biblica”, or critical commentaries on the various readings found in the MSS. Bishop Parker divided the whole Bible into parcels, and distributed them among bishops and other learned men for revision. The fourteenth century MS. Anglo-Norman Bible follows it closely. This name denotes its literal fidelity, or, as others think, a meaning like Vulgate, or Communis, or again indicates its distinction from the version of Paul of Tella, its source, which contains the critical additions of the Hexaplar text. In 1860-8 this work was revised and is still in use. The origin of the oldest Latin version or versions is involved in much uncertainty.

(5) The Rushworth version of the Gospels contains an independent translation of the first Gospel, with glosses on the second, third, and fourth Gospels, based on the Lindisfarne glosses. Thus the New Testament was published at Reims in 1582 with a preface and explanatory notes. A New Testament in Carshunl characters containing in two columns the Syriac Peschitto and the Arabic of the Codex of Erpenius was published at Rome (1703) for the Maronites of Lebanon. The first complete New Testament in Hebrew was made by Elias Hutter and was published in the Nuremberg Polyglot (1600), revised by Robertson (London, 1666). It was revised by Albert Molnar (Hanau, 1608).

Other partial versions were made by missionaries, but the first Bible for Protestant use was the work of Lassar and Marshman (Serampur, 1815-22).

It also adopted a complete version from the Vulgate by the apostate Cassiodore Reyna (Basle, 1596), and a revision of this by the apostate Cypriano de Valera (Amsterdam, 1602). The Peschitto.—As early as the second century, portions of the Hebrew Bible, as the Pentateuch, the Prophets, and the Psalms, had been translated into Syriac and were in use in the Syrian Church. (d. 1541), made an inter-linear version of both the Old and New Testaments from the original languages, which by its literal fidelity pleased Christians and Jews and was much used by the Reformers. Athias appeared at Amsterdam in 1661. Early Protestant leader Martin Luther rejected the scriptural authority of these seven books. A translation by Rene Benoist (Paris, 1566) savored of Calvinism and aroused much controversy. Audio Bible Easy to read to download on your phone! After the report of the committee had been presented in May and had been adopted, two companies were formed for the revision of the Old and the New Testament respectively. A later translation, of classic elegance and with copious notes, by Philip Scio de S. Miguel, was published at Madrid (1794). The first and the most original is that of Aquila, a native of Sinope in Pontus, a proselyte to Judaism, and according to St. Jerome, a pupil of Rabbi Akiba who taught in the Palestinian schools, 95-135. Hindi Version.—A New Testament was published by Carey (Serampur, 1811); and the whole Bible, after the Hindustani, by Bowley (1866-69). Consequently some of the translators, including Moses Chorenensis, were sent to study Greek at Alexandria, where the final revision was made, the Old Testament being translated from the Septuagint according to the “Hexapla” of Origen.

Italian Versions.—Evidences of early versions of at least portions of the Scriptures for liturgical purposes, public readings, and private devotion are not wanting in the history of the Church among any of the peoples to whom her missionaries carried the Gospel. From an early day the text of the Vulgate began to suffer corruptions, mostly through the copyists who introduced familiar readings of the Old Latin or inserted the marginal glosses of the MSS. Dutch and Flemish Versions.—The first Bible for Catholics in Holland was printed at Delft in 1475.
102 sqq.). A revision was, therefore, found necessary and taken in hand shortly after the completion of the Early Version. A Socinian Bible was given out by Crellius (Racovia, 1630). Of special interest are the five complete folio editions printed before 1477, nine from 1477 to 1522, and four in Low German, all prior to Luther’s New Testament in 1522. In 1546, the Catholic Council of Trent declared … The second period coincides with the Anglo-Norman time, extending from the tenth to the thirteenth or fourteenth century. About 388, using the Hexaplar text as a basis, he revised the Psalter more care-fully and this recension, called the Gallican Psalter from becoming current in Gaul, is now read in the Breviary and in the Vulgate. It would be folly, therefore, not to assign the authorship of the “Commentary” to a time posterior to the Early Edition. Catholic Bible Public Domain (CPDV): This popular Bible app is a version for Catholics. An Arabic version of the Hebrew Bible was made in the tenth century by.

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